Quality of Life – Economic impacts
- Headwaters Economics, “Oil and Natural Gas Fiscal Best Practices: Lessons for State and Local Governments” (November 2012), http://headwaterseconomics.org/wphw/wp-content/uploads/Energy_Fiscal_Best_Practices.pdf. This brief explains the four main fiscal challenges related to oil and natural gas development for local communities – revenue amount, timing, distribution, and volatility – and offers 12 recommendations for state and local governments to address them.
- International Finance Corporation, “Projects and People: A Handbook for Addressing Project-Induced In-Migration,” http://www.ifc.org/wps/wcm/connect/topics_ext_content/ifc_external_corporate_site/ifc+sustainability/learning+and+adapting/knowledge+products/publications/publications_handbook_inmigration__wci__1319576839994. The International Finance Corporation (IFC) is a member of the World Bank Group. Their mission is to end extreme poverty by 2030 and boost prosperity in every developing country. This handbook offers guidance to extractive sector industries on addressing project-related in-migration in an international context. It offers the business case for addressing in-migration, gives an overview of the phenomenon and its effects, and provides management approaches and tools.
- Pennsylvania State University Center for Dirt and Gravel Road Maintenance, “Sample Road Use Maintenance Agreement.” A sample road use agreement as a starting point for communities wishing to develop their own agreement with a gas operator.
Quality of Life – Noise impacts
- Earthworks, “Oil and Gas at Your Door? A Landowner’s Guide to Oil and Gas Development” (Durango, Colorado: Oil and Gas Accountability Project, 2005)http://www.earthworksaction.org/library/detail/oil_and_gas_at_your_door_2005_edition#.UxjPSj9dWSo. The effects of noise are covered on pp. I-45 – I-49. For a useful illustration of noise impacts from oil and gas development, a Colorado study recorded the average decibel levels of typical noises emanating from well pads; see chart, p. I-45.
- New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, “High-Volume Hydraulic Fracturing in NYS: 2015 Final Supplemental Generic Environmental Impact Statement Documents” (Albany, New York: April 2015), http://www.dec.ny.gov/energy/75370.html. New York’s Final SGEIS covers a wide variety of potential issues resulting from shale gas development. For composite noise levels for drilling and hydraulic fracturing, see pp. 6-295 to 6-297. For composite noise levels of other well pad activities, see pp. 6-292 and 6-293. For a chart of truck noise as a function of truck size and speed, see p. 6-299.
- The Noise Pollution Clearing House (http://www.nonoise.org/index.htm) is a national non-profit organization with extensive noise-related resources. Its mission is to raise awareness about noise pollution, strengthen laws, and assist activists in order to “create more civil cities and more natural and rural wilderness areas by reducing noise pollution at the source.” To aid in their efforts, they maintain a database for noise regulations and ordinances in cities, counties, and towns within the United States: http://www.nonoise.org/lawlib/cities/cities.htm.
- The Southwest Pennsylvania Environmental Health Project, a nonprofit environmental health organization that provides assistance to local residents concerned about the health impacts of shale gas development, has guidance for monitoring noise levels in homes using smartphone apps: http://www.environmentalhealthproject.org/health/noise-light/ .
Quality of Life – Visual Impacts
- National Park Service, “Making a Difference,” last updated April 23, 2012, http://www.nature.nps.gov/night/difference.cfm. This website has information and guidance on reducing light pollution.
- New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, “High-Volume Hydraulic Fracturing in NYS: 2015 Final Supplemental Generic Environmental Impact Statement Documents” (Albany, New York: April, 2015), http://www.dec.ny.gov/energy/75370.html. New York’s Final SGEIS covers a wide variety of potential issues resulting from shale gas development. For charts summarizing “Generic Visual Impacts Resulting from Horizontal Drilling and Hydraulic Fracturing in the Marcellus and Utica Shale Area of New York,” see pp. 6-285 to 6-288.
- Sarita Rose Uphadyay and Min Bu, “Visual Impacts of Natural Gas Drilling in the Marcellus Shale Region” (Cornell University: Fall 2010), http://cce.cornell.edu/EnergyClimateChange/NaturalGasDev/Documents/City%20and%20Regional%20Planning%20Student%20Papers/CRP5072_Visual%20Impact_Final%20Report.pdf. This study contains photographs depicting visual impacts of shale gas development at various stages and from varying distances.