What resources can provide further information?

Water Quality

  • Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, “Toxic Substances Portal,” last updated July 23, 2014, http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxfaqs/index.asp#M. This agency housed with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has a set of fact sheets on hazardous chemicals containing information on their health effects, exposure pathways, government recommendations, and ways to reduce risks.
  • Alliance of Nurses for Healthy Environments, “Assessment Tools & More,” http://envirn.org/pg/pages/view/79769/assessment-tools-amp-more. The Alliance of Nurses for Healthy Environments (ANHE) is an international network of nurses that deals with environmental health issues through education, research, advocacy, and practice. The ANHE website contains assessment tools for healthcare practitioners in areas experiencing shale development.
  • The FracFocus website (www.fracfocus.org) is a repository where operators can voluntarily disclose the chemicals used in hydraulic fracturing operations. It is searchable by well site.
  • International Council on Mining & Metals, “Water Management in Mining:  A Selection of Case Studies” (May 2012), http://www.icmm.com/document/3660.  This selection of case studies gives some examples from the mining sector of strategies to reduce water use and protect water quality in collaboration with stakeholders.
  • Matthew McFeeley, “State Hydraulic Fracturing Disclosure Rules and Enforcement: A Comparison” (Natural Resources Defense Council, July 2012), http://www.nrdc.org/energy/files/Fracking-Disclosure-IB.pdf. This report discusses the importance of disclosure of the chemicals used in the shale development process to allow for water quality testing prior to exploration, and summarizes regulations by state. 
  • Southwest Pennsylvania Environmental Health Project (SWPA-EHP), “Water,” http://www.environmentalhealthproject.org/health/water/. SWPA-EHP, a nonprofit environmental health organization that provides assistance to local residents concerned about the health impacts of shale gas development, offers guidance and resources on home water testing.
  • Susquehanna River Basin Commission, “Overview of Remote Water Quality Monitoring Network,” last updated June 2014, http://mdw.srbc.net/remotewaterquality. The Susquehanna River Basin Commission created the Remote Water Quality Monitoring Network to collect and analyze water quality data from the Susquehanna River. The data is used to monitor the effects of drilling operations in the area on the health of the river. 
  • Town of Palisade and City of Grand Junction, Colorado et al., Watershed Plan for the Town of Palisade and the City of Grand Junction, Colorado (August 2007), http://www.oilandgasbmps.org/resources/casestudies/palisade.php. This collaboratively developed watershed plan between community, government, and company stakeholders offers a framework for identifying and addressing risks, conducting third-party water monitoring, and implementing best management practices with regard to energy development in the watershed.
  • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Research and Development, “Assessment of the Potential Impacts of Hydraulic Fracturing for Oil and Gas on Drinking Water Resources” External Review Draft (Washington, DC:  June 2015). This draft assessment provides a review and synthesis of available information concerning the potential impacts of hydraulic fracturing for oil and gas on drinking water resources in the United States. http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/hfstudy/recordisplay.cfm?deid=244651. At the time of the release of this guidebook, the draft assessment is under review by the EPA’s Science Advisory Board.