What can be done to address health concerns? What have others done?


Quality of Life—Noise

In addition to the management options described in Stage 3, here are some additional measures to help reduce noise during the phases of development and production:

  • erecting sound barriers around engines and/or adding mufflers to them
  • enclosing compressors and other noisy equipment in sound-proofed buildings, particularly when in proximity to residences, schools, or places of assembly
  • to the extent possible, monitoring the site remotely during the production phase to reduce traffic to the site

Quality of Life—Visual Impacts

During interim reclamation, much of the infrastructure and equipment used during development can be removed. The wellhead will be visible above ground; small brine storage tanks (often painted green to blend with the surroundings) and a metering system remain at the site. The size of the pad and surrounding land disturbance can be reduced by replanting much of the site with appropriate vegetation. There is also the option of adding a landscaped earth berm to enhance visual screening. Access roads can be shrunk to 10 to 20 feet wide and revegetated. On average, a multi-well pad can be reduced to 5.5 acres, and a single-well pad to 4.5 acres, with even smaller footprints possible. 1

A partially reclaimed single-well site in Chemung County, New York. The footprint of the drill site was 3.2 acres, reduced to a fenced area of 0.45 acres. Photo credits: Henkel, 2002 and 2009. Used with permission. Source: NY Draft SGEIS 2011, p. 6–336.


  1. The New York Department of Environmental Conservation Study suggested average production-phase pads of .5 to 1 acre in size.